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5 Re-adaptation of Cultural Attributes; Public Housing Design Framework
7 Cultural Determinants and Spatial Patterns of Public Housing …
The re-adaptation of public housing residents with their cultural tendencies is
assured with the housing that culturally and architecturally ﬁts their perception of
abode. Therefore, transformation beneﬁts formally exhibited in the transformed
units represent emerging indigenous urban architecture. The concept of indigenous
urban architecture lies in the ‘recognition region’—an interface where there is a
collective agreement between the etic and emic ideals to coexist.
The convergence of the seven domains to relate the proposed design framework
substantially presents the features desired in a culture-responsive design guidelines.
Certainly, the procedural approach ensures that the suggested guidelines are
grounded evidences that evolve from public housing users’ experiences and
housing transformation initiatives. Satisfaction derived from functional ability is
weighted by effective execution of routine activities which reflects a social system
culturally inclined to gender, age and privacy. The main implication to the users
expresses the performance of activity to be more signiﬁcant than its hosting space.
Thus, the consistency of the emergent pattern regardless of varieties witnessed in
arrangement afﬁrms the cultural satisfaction derived in the spaces formed. As a
result, despite the technological impact, ordered spaces align with family structure
across the household’s life cycle allowing home ownership which supports required
transformation practices. Another implication is the signiﬁcance that lies with the
transformation process and practice which facilitates changes to be made in phases
as need for changes evolve with time. Developing houses in phases from a common
core is therefore highly asserted by this study.
Emerging Urban Architectural Character
This research provides evidences that prompt insight into housing outlook as a
growing structure with resident’s behavioural tendencies determining the growth
pattern. Until architects accept this concept of house as a ‘flexible living object’
conﬁguration, issues will persist. Therefore, designers should understand ‘cultural
design paradigm’ appropriate in public housing design in culture sensitive situations in order to succeed. Accordingly, occupation after the completion of core unit
of public housing should be seen as the end of the ﬁrst stage of its creation. The
growth into maturity is achieved during the transformation period and process.
Consequently, the architectural character that emanates from the transformation
practices is considered indigenous urban architecture worthy of research and
adoption. It displays potentials for students to learn and architects to imbibe and
practice towards achieving sustainable public housing design.
The outcome indicates how transformation beneﬁts have reflected in the spatial
patterns that evolved from the transformation process. Property ownership provided
occupants the impetus to harness these beneﬁts, hence satisfying their needs.
Therefore, ownership transfer of public housing after core provision improves
liveability and shapes successive phases of development. In addition, homogeneous
provisions of core units provide the basic initial layouts with flexibility for anticipated transformation due to changes in user needs.
In sum, the discoveries imply that the design patterns that contain transformation
beneﬁts and generated from real-life situations require operationalisation as applicable foundation in public housing design. The beneﬁts include achieving additional functional spaces such as rooms, toilets, outdoor spaces and living rooms
which increase occupants’ livelihood conﬁguration and quality.
Mberu BU (2005) Who moves and who stays? Rural out-migration in Nigeria. J Popul Res
Miles MB, Huberman AM, Saldaña J (2013) Qualitative data analysis: a methods sourcebook.
Sage, Thousand Oaks
Rethinking Sustainable Public Housing
Design in Cultured Communities
Abstract Applicable guidelines on sustainable housing design in culture responsive societies emanated from insight of the user rooted in response of the inhabitants to space use. Indeed, public housing transformation has enabled inhabitants
reshape their dwelling with attributes of culture informing their required layout.
Accordingly, planning thoughts directed to liveability of the user in indigenous
insights as a pathway towards rethinking of public housing design was established.
It is echoed as culture responsive design and architectural character which is the
thrust of this chapter. This is achieved through the process of re-adaptation of root
culture by inhabitants, renewed planning, and attainment of desired conﬁguration
thus emphasising importance of the user in the process.
Keywords Culture responsive
Á Indigenous architecture Á Planning paradigm Á
The concept of culture-responsive design and indigenous urban architectural character can no longer be ignored. The outcome of this book relates two insights on the
signiﬁcance of integrating cultural values in public housing design via the platform of
housing transformation. Inhabitants’ behavioural responses in space interaction
which produced transformed units that expresses useful beneﬁts gave rise to these
insights. They provide sustainable guidelines for future public housing design.
Inhabitants’ Adaptation with the Transformed
Pattern Replicating the Root
Planning and design of sustainable public housing should recognise residents’
persistent desire for sociocultural liveability. The transformed public housing unit
seems to have provided occupants with the desired spatial needs offering them
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
A.D. Isah, Urban Public Housing in Northern Nigeria,
The Urban Book Series, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-40192-8_8
8 Rethinking Sustainable Public Housing Design …
cultural preferences in space formation. The re-adaptation, new planning and
layout concepts have ensured housing satisfaction of users, thus improving
occupancy ratio, design arrangement and operational effectiveness of spaces
enhanced through transformation process. Therefore, attributes of spatial conﬁguration rooted in culture are afﬁrmed to sustain public housing design and delivery
Indigenous Participation in Sustainable Public
Global strategy on sustainable development for shelter campaigns for the consideration of users’ cultural agitations. Reliance on the previous experiences to project
how consumers participate in deﬁning their housing needs becomes inevitable. It
provides useful design information which extends housing formation beyond
occupation to the period of use and operation, and also offers inhabitants, the
opportunity to participate in housing production. However, the lack of ingredient is
the formalisation of indigenous core cultural space uses. Such that at initial stages,
future design projections and culture-influenced spaces could be standardise in
order to phase development of housing which optimises the built environmental
quality and ensures sustainability.
Rethinking Public Housing Design Concept
Considerably, this research demonstrated the need to rethink the concept of public
housing. Deviating from the concept of a one-time ﬁnished structure to a package
that spans through inhabitants’ habitation cycle allows for subsequent inevitable
transformation. The impact of transformation has overshadowed the violations
emphasised by regulators. Therefore, rather than ignoring the potentials therein,
regulations to standardise patterns that support design elements for culture reflective
public housing design are essential. By this, developers can easily adopt the
paradigm, and further research and practice by architects would be assured. Public
housing provision has advanced beyond homogenous provisions to heterogeneous
forms that reflect innovative social concepts of inhabitants’ liveability. In these
intuitions lies the desired public housing conception that results from an empirical
research raising issues that are outlined below for consideration.
• Transformation practices are yet to gain full understanding and inclusion in the
provisions of building regulations.
• Family sociocultural values connected with the root are reflected in transformed
houses, they blend with urban ideals, and the impact of technology gives rise to
hybrid urban architecture.