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IX. Read the following passage and choose the correct word for each of the blanks from 46 to 50.

IX. Read the following passage and choose the correct word for each of the blanks from 46 to 50.

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BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

I. Pronunciation:

1. Which of the following words has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others?

a. disposal

b. involvement

c. promotion

d. erosion

2. Which of the following words has a different consonant sound?

a. depression

b. fresher

c. progress

d. assure

3. Which of the following words has a different final sound?

a. repeats

b. attacks

c. laughs

d. learns

4. Which of the following words is stressed on the first syllable?

a. compulsory

b. category

c. academic

d. optimistic

5. Which of the following words has the stress pattern different from that of the others?

a. agricultural

b. popularity

c. represent

d. subsequent

II. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence.

1. A minor earthquake occurred _____ 2:07 a.m. _____ January 3.

a. at - in / b. in - on / c. at - on / d. from - in

2. Your personality is important _____ the success of your work.

a. for / b. in / c. to / d. on

3. You should wash the fruit _____ before use.

a. quickly / b. freshly / c. gently / d. thoroughly

4. I’m not opposed to your plan but it needs _____.

a. to modify / b. modifying / c. modify / d. being modified

5. “We’re really busy at work.”

“_____.”

a. Too are we / b. We aren’t either / c. So are we / d. Neither are we

6. Recent EU legislation is aimed _____ trade barriers between member states.

a. to remove / b. removing / c. at removing / d. by removing



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

7. She’s only allowed to do a little light work _____ her bad arm.

a. but for / b. despite / c. because of / d. even though

8. I know the meeting will be on _____ in June, but I don’t know the exact date yet.

a. Sunday / b. Sundays / c. a Sunday / d. the Sundays

9. We would save thousands of lives if _____ the remedy for the cancer.

a. we had found out / b. we were finding out / c. we found out / d. we would have found out

10. At the meeting, _____ he spoke well, he was unable to persuade the other members.

a. because / b. unless / c. only if / d. even though

11. Strong security measures _____ for the President’s visit next month.

a. will take / b. will be taking / c. will have taken / d. will be taken

12. ______ Theater isn’t far from Waterloo Station.

a. National / b. The National / c. A National / d. Nation

13. James went back to work after he _____ his postgraduate course.

a. finished / b. was finishing / c. has finished / d. had finished

14. “Do you think you’ll get the job?” “_____.”

a. Well, I hope so / b. I have no idea / c. I don’t think so / d. Oh, I hope not

15. If he wins, he’ll be the first Englishman _____ for fifty years.

a. winning / b. wins / c. to win / d. who win

16. Never in all my life _____ such a horrible thing.

a. I have seen / b. I saw / c. have I seen / d. did I see

17. The old man and his two dogs _____ my house yesterday made a lot of noise.

a. passed / b. who passed / c. which passed / d. that passed

18. Their aim is to reduce people’s _____ on the welfare state.

a. depend / b. dependant / c. dependent / d. dependence

19. _____ you cut down your carbohydrate intake, you’d have lost weight by now.

a. Unless / b. Were / c. If / d. Had

20. My _____ on life has changed a lot since leaving university.

a. outlook / b. view / c. approach / d. purpose

21. At last he had found someone _____ he could vent his anger.

a. who / b. whom / c. on who / d. on whom

22. If only he _____ so much at the party last night.

a. didn’t drink / b. wouldn’t drink / c. hadn’t drunk / d. wouldn’t have drunk

23. By the year 2010, many people currently employed _____ their jobs.

a. have lost / b. will have lost / c. will be losing / d. are losing

24. The professor instructed the students _____ the essay without preparing an outline first.

a. to not write / b. not to write / c. do not write / d. not write

25. “What a lovely house you have!” “_____.”

a. I think so / b. Of course / c. Thank you / d. You’re welcome

III. Choose the underlined word or phrase - A, B, C or D - that needs correcting:



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

1. (A) According my science professor, the atmosphere (B) of the earth is being polluted (C)

by humans (D) at an ever-increasing rate.

A

B

C

D

2. Your professor has (A) told me that you (B) worked (C) hardly (D) on this assignment.

A

B

C

D

3. Modems (A) permit computers (B) communicating (C) with one another (D) over telephone lines.

A

B

C

D

4. The teacher (A) whom book I (B) have said (C) that I (D) could keep it.

A

B

C

D

5. It is (A) normal for students (B) to be nervous when they are (C) prepared (D) for a new school year.

A

B

C

D

IV. Read the text and then decide which answer - a, b, c or d - best fits each space.



In



this new (1) _____ Era and international economy, education is an increasingly vital commodity, a



precursor of potential success and a driving (2) _____ of change. It is important to recognize, however, that

we approach education today differently from (3) _____ in the past, partly because the kinds of jobs people

had didn’t require the kind of basic education and specialized training that is often required in the (4) _____

today. In the 1950s, for instance, only 20 percent of American jobs were (5) _____ as professional, 20

percent as skilled, and 60 percent as unskilled. Today, our world has changed. The proportion of unskilled

jobs has fallen to 20 percent, (6) _____ skilled jobs now account (7) _____ at least 60 percent of the

workforce. Even more important, almost every job today increasingly requires a (8) _____ of academic

knowledge and practical skills that require learning throughout lifetime.

1. a. Informative / b. Information / c. Informing / d. Informatic

2. a. aspect / b. way / c. device / d. force

3. a. it / b. that / c. which / d. them



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

4. a. workfare / b. workload / c. workmate / d. workforce

5. a. divided / b. classified / c. separated / d. contributed

6. a. while / b. although / c. because / d. even if

7. a. in / b. for / c. of / d. at

8. a cooperation / b. collocation / c. attribution / d. combination

V. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.



The



most remarkable aspect of the World Wide Web arises from its broad appeal. Users form a cross-



section of society, including students preparing term papers, physicians researching the latest medical

information, and college applicants investigating campuses or filling in application and financial aid forms

online. Other users include investors examining the trading history of a company’s stock or evaluating data

on various commodities. Travelers investigating a possible trip can take virtual tours, check airline

schedules and fares, and even book a flight on the Web. All the necessary information is available on the

Web.

Many merchants now do business on the Web. Users can shop at the Web sites of major bookstores as well

as clothing sellers and other retailers. Many major newspapers have special Web editions that are updated

more frequently than the printed version. In some cases, a Web site will offer basic information to everyone,

but provide additional information to users who buy a subscription. The major broadcast networks use the

Web to supplementary materials for radio and television shows, especially documentaries. Electronic

journals in almost every scholarly field are now on the Web. Most museums now offer Web users a virtual

tour of their exhibits. Finally, many individuals have Web site that describes their family, hobbies, and other

personal information.

1. College applicants can go online to _____.

A. prepare term papers

B. fill in application and financial aid forms

C. research the latest medical information

D. buy a subscription of the college magazine

2. Who use the Web as a means to take virtual tours, check airline schedules and fares?

A. Merchants

B. Physicians

C. Travelers

D. College applicants

3. Which of the following is true about newspapers?

A. Web editions and their printed versions contain the same information.

B. Web editions report the latest information before their printed version

C. Web editions provide supplementary materials to their printed versions.

D. Printed version is often out of date.

4. Which of the following words is similar in meaning to the word “scholarly”?

A. School

B. Teacher



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

C. Grant

D. Academic

5. Which is the best title for the passage?

A. Who Uses the Web?

B. How the Web Works?

C. World Wide Web

D.A Web of Computers



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

A. Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the other.

1. a. mutual / b. initiate / c. picture / d. question

2. a. laugh / b. cough / c. rough / d. plough

3. a. composed / b. stressed / c. noticed / d. researched

B. Choose the word that has the main stress placed differently from that of the others.

4. a. vulnerable / b. epidemic / c. intellectual / d. integration

5. a. committee / b. referee / b. employee / d. refugee



II. Language Focus:

A. Choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence:

6. More than half of the population are suffering with / in / from / by malnutrition.

7. In Britain today women build up / make up / stand for / turn down 44% of the workforce, and

nearly half the mothers with children are in paid work.

8. ASEAN ministerial meetings take after / take place / take in / take out every year in different

countries.

9. Our leader could not attend the meeting, so / but / and / for it was canceled.

10. Until / Since / By the time / As soon as Jan arrives, we will have finished this project.

11. When we met John last year, he graduated / has graduated / had graduated / will have

graduated from Harvard already.

12.



The



Red



Cross



is



intrinsically



an



international



aid association / institution / corporation / organization

13. “Can I give you a hand?” “ It's OK, thanks / Yes. Please / Yes, of course / Sorry, you can’t . I can

manage.”

14. Although / Unless / When / As you have no key, you will have to get back before I go out.

15. You must / needn’t / should / mightn't introduce me to the chairperson because we have already

met.

16. We are considering to change / changing / to buy / buying a new car. Do you know any car

dealer?

17.



Plants



that



grow



in



high



desert



areas



must



live



in



extreme



daytime



heat. However / Therefore / Consequently / But , they must be able to tolerate severe nighttime

cold.

18. Found / Founding / Founded / Having founded in 1636, Harvard is the oldest institution of higher

learning in the United States.

19. Many human / humane / humanity / humanitarian organizations have tried to fight against child

abuse.

20. A university will establish / is established / might be establishing / may be established in

outer space before long. Ideas for such a university are presently in the planning stage.

21.



Children who / whose / which / whom diets



contain



high



levels



of



protein



do



better



in



examinations.

22. The forecast has revealed that the world’s reserves of fossil fuel will have taken over / catch

up / turned in / run out by 2015.



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

23. Even though / Because of / Despite / Since the language barrier, we are confident that we will

be able to communicate.

24. Every man, woman, and child is / are / have / were protected under the law.

25. The cook insisted that he tastes / taste / tasting / to taste the soup to make sure that it was spicy

enough.

26. “Would you bother if I had a look at your paper?” “ You’re welcome / That’s a good idea / Oh, I

didn’t realize it / Well, actually I’d rather you didn’t .”

27. Henry is / will be / would be / would have been a rich man today if he had been more careful in

the past.

28. My sister is studying / studies / has been studying / studied business for three years now at

Harvard.

29. Please stop cry / to cry / crying / for crying and tell me what’s wrong.

30. The wildlife preserve is as popular as / more popular than / most popular / the most

popular tourist attraction in the city.

B. Choose the underlined word or phrase that needs correcting.

31. (A) Most people’s blood cholesterol (B) levels rise (C) as they grow (D) more older.

A / B / C / D

32. They are not (A) old enough (B) to take part this program (C) of the World Health (D)

Organization.

A / B / C / D

33. Even when (A) awarded a scholarship, a student generally must still (B) paying for books, (C)

living expenses, and (D) other costs.

A / B / C / D

34. (A) Because the high risk of fire (B) during the drought, the officials (C) ordered that no outside fire

of any sort could (D) be set.

A / B / C / D

35. Peter (A) is going to finish all of his work (B) before he (C) will go out (D) on a date tonight.

A / B / C / D



III. READING COMPREHENSION:

A. Read the text and then decide which answer best fits each space.



Women nowadays have more advantages than (36)_____. For example, our great grandmothers were not

allowed to go to school or to work to earn their own living. (37) _____ they had to depend on their husbands

financially. Modern women, on the contrary, can get good education, have their own careers, and (38) _____

their interests. They can even take good positions in (39) _____ if they are competent at it. However, women

living in our modern society have their (40) _____, too. Today’s women work harder than their great

grandmothers so that they can gain the (41) _____ between working life and family life. Many people predict

that by 2032, most senior positions (42) _____ work will be taken by women. Then, it is possible that women

will have (43) _____ strenuous life because, (44) _____ in a very modern society, the women can’t (45) _____

their role in the family.



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

36. the past / in the past / them in the past / those in the past

37. Furthermore / However / As a result / Although

38. pursue / share / promote / adopt

39. politician / politics / politic / political

40. advantanges / matters / profits / problems

41. equality / stability / balance / steadiness

42. at / in / for / of

43. much / many / more / most

44. though / even / ever / never

45. provide / play / fulfill / neglect

B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.



Since the world has become industrialized, there has been an increase in the number of animal species

that have either become extinct or have neared extinction. Bengal tigers, for instance, which once roamed

the jungles in vast numbers, now number only about 2,300, and by the year 2025 their population is

estimated to be down to zero. What is alarming about the case of the Bengal tiger is that this extinction will

have been caused almost entirely by poachers who, according to some sources, are not interested in

material gain but in personal gratification. This is an example of the callousness that is part of what is

causing the problem of extinction. Animals like the Bengal tiger, as well as other endangered species, are a

valuable part of the world’s ecosystem. International laws protecting these animals must be enacted to

ensure their survival, and the survival of our planet.



Countries around the world have begun to deal with the problem in various ways. Some countries, in order

to circumvent the problem, have allocated large amounts of land to animal reserves. They then charge

admission to help defray the costs of maintaining the parks, and they often must also depend on world

organizations for support. With the money they get, they can invest in equipment and patrols to protect the

animals. Another solution that is an attempt to stem the tide of animal extinction is an international boycott

of products made from endangered species. This seems fairly effective, but it will not, by itself, prevent

animals from being hunted and killed.

46. What is the main topic of the passage?

A. the Bengal tiger

B. international boycotts

C. endangered species

D. problems with industrialization

47. The above passage is divided into two paragraphs in order to contrast A. a problem and a solution.

A. a problem and a solution

B. a statement and an illustration

C. a comparison and a contrast

D. specific and general information

48. What does the word this refer to?

A. endangered species that are increasing

B. poachers who seek personal gratification



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

C. Bengal tigers that are decreasing

D. sources that may not be accurate

49. Where in the passage does the author discuss a cause of extinction?

A. Since the world . . . down to zero.

B. What is alarming . . . personal gratification.

C. Country around . . . for support.

D. With the money . . . dangered species.

50. Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude?

A. Forgiving

B. Critical

C. Concerned

D. Surprised



IV. WRITING:

A. From the words or phrases choose the one that best completes the sentences.

51. They suggested D. that everyone should write a letter to the governor.

A. everyone to write a letter to the governor

B. everyone writes a letter to the governor

C. that everyone could write a letter to the governor

D. that everyone should write a letter to the governor

52. Having been delayed by heavy traffic, B. she was unable to arrive on time.

A. it was difficult for her to arrive on time

B. she was unable to arrive on time

C. it was impossible for her to arrive on time

D. her being late was intolerable

53. Small microcomputers of today can process D. the same amount of information as their predecessors,

which were twenty times their size.

A. in the same amount of information

B. and have the same amount of information

C. the information is the same as

D. the same amount of information as

B. Choose the sentences which is closest in meaning to the printed one.

54. ‘Will you please water the plants while I’m away?’

A. He begged me to water the plants while he was away.

B. He persuaded me to water the plants while he was away.

C. He asked me to water the plants while he was away.

D. He wanted to know if I would water the plants while he was away.

55. As I get older, I want to travel less.

A. I’m getting older and older, so I don’t want to travel more.

B. The more I get old, the less I want to travel.

C. I don't want to travel because of my old age.



Mr Harry Nguyen



BỘ ĐỀ THI ÔN TẬP THPT QUỐC GIA 2018 – CÓ ĐÁP ÁN – LIÊN HỆ : dihocando@gmail.com

D. The older I get, the less I want to travel.



Mr Harry Nguyen



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IX. Read the following passage and choose the correct word for each of the blanks from 46 to 50.

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