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7 Weight Control and Dieting

7 Weight Control and Dieting

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9.9 Eating

According to the Consumer Expenditure Survey, by the Bureau of Labor

Statistics, American households spend an average of $6,599 annually on food. The

restaurant share of the food dollar is approximately 40.6%.

_________________________________________________________________



“Americans spend more at restaurants than they

think they do. We know this because the

Consumer Expenditure Survey asks respondents

how much they usually spend at restaurants per

week, and it also asks them to keep a daily diary of

their expenditures. The results are not the same.

The more precise diary method consistently shows

restaurant spending to be 16% to 22% greater than

the guesstimate. The opposite happens with

grocery shopping. When asked how much they

usually spend on groceries per week, households

over-report their spending by about 21% in

comparison with diary data on grocery purchases.”

Demo Memo

_________________________________________________________________



Eating Patterns In America, by The NPD Group (www.npd.com), reported that

households are eating at home more, but they are purchasing more prepared meals

and are cooking less. Households eat eight of 10 meals at home.

_________________________________________________________________



“A decline in restaurant usage and an increase

in meals from home is one of the single biggest

changes in eating patterns in Americans in the

last five years.”

Harry Balzer, V.P.

The NPD Group

_________________________________________________________________



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 74 •



According to The NPD Group, Americans purchased 190 restaurant or

foodservice meals in 2015, a decline from 195 in 2013 and 206 in 2009.

According to the USDA Economic Research Service (http://ers.usda.gov/),

80.7% of adults get at least one prepared meal each week from a restaurant, grocery

store deli, or vendor. The number of prepared meals are as follows:

• None:

19.3%

• 1 or 2:

24.1%

• 3 or 4:

21.6%

• 5 to 7:

15.4%

• 8 or more:

9.5%

Age is one of the most important determinants in how often people eat out. The

percentages by age of those who do not eat out at all (or rarely do so) and those who

eat out eight or more times per week are as follows:

None/Rarely















20-to-39:

40-to-54:

55-to-64:

65 and older:

All adults:



12.1%

20.0%

22.6%

28.2%

19.3%



Eight or More



16.0%

10.0%

9.1%

4.4%

9.5%



According to The Harris Poll, 86% of families with children have a family dinner

at home at least once a week; 87% of families without children do so. The number of

evenings families eat dinner at home per week is as follows:

• Once:

7%

• 2 or 3:

21%

• 4 to 6:

26%

• Every night:

33%

The percentages of families by age who have dinner together at least four times

a week are as follows:

• 18-to-36:

52%

• 37-to-48:

50%

• 49-to-67:

62%

• 68 and older:

81%

When asked in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, by the

U.S. Department of Agriculture (www.usda.gov), how healthy is their overall diet,

responses were as follows:

• Excellent:

9%

• Very good:

22%

• Good:

43%

• Fair:

22%

• Poor:

4%



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 75 •



A survey by The NPD Group found that while over 50% of adults say they eat

healthful meals always or most of the time at home, only 25% say they eat healthy

foods when they go out to eat.

In a recent Gallup Poll, 45% of adults said they actively try to include organic

food in their diet. The figure was highest in the West (54%) and in metropolitan areas

(50%). By age, the percentages who said they try to eat organic are as follows:

• 18-to-29:

53%

• 30-to-49:

48%

• 50-to-64:

45%

• 65 and older:

33%

Gallup polls have found the number of people who identify themselves as

vegetarian has remained steady at about 5% since 1999.



9.10 Alcohol Consumption

A July 2016 Gallup Poll found that 64% of adults drink alcoholic beverages.

Among those who drink alcoholic beverages, weekly consumption is as follows:

• Less than one drink:

37%

• 1-to-7 drinks:

48%

• 8 or more drinks:

13%

Among those who consume alcoholic beverages, the following are the

beverages most frequently consumed:

• Beer:

42%

• Wine:

34%

• Spirits:

21%

• All same:

3%

The Harris Poll reports consumption of alcoholic beverages by adults as follows:

At least once

per Week



At least once

a month



Less than once

a month



Never



3%

7%



21%

38%



21%

18%



33%

24%



24%

20%



3%

3%

5%

11%



33%

30%

29%

26%



24%

20%

17%

18%



21%

32%

31%

29%



23%

18%

22%

27%



5%



29%



20%



29%



22%



Daily



Gender

• Female:

• Male:

Age

• 21-to-34:

• 35-to-46:

• 47-to-65:

• 66 and older:

All



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 76 •



9.11 Travel

Americans took 1.65 person-trips for leisure in 2015, according to the U.S. Travel

Association (USTA, www.ustravel.org), spending $549.0 billion, or 67% of total

U.S. travel spending.

The average household spends about $1,500 on travel each year, according to

the Consumer Expenditure Survey.

Transportation for leisure travel is as follows (source: USTA):

• Automobile:

70%

• Van or small truck:

18%

• Airplane:

6%













The reported purposes of

Personal leisure:

Visit friends or relatives:

Getaway weekend:

General vacation:



leisure trips are as follows (source: USTA):

39%

36%

15%

10%



According to the USTA, party composition for leisure travel is as follows (source:

USTA):

• Solo travelers:

32%

• Adults only:

39%

• Adults with kids:

29%

Leisure travel is nearly evenly split between day trips and overnight trips, at 51%

and 49%, respectively. Approximately 40% of leisure trips include a stay at a hotel,

motel, or resort.

Twenty-seven percent (27%) of adults take a ‘last-minute’ trip at least once a

year.



9.12 Charitable Giving

Based on data from over 4,000 nonprofit organizations, Blackbaud Inc.

(www.blackbaud.com) reported charitable donations were $18.2 billion in 2015, of

which $2.2 billion was given online.

According to The Harris Poll, 25% of adults feel that people have a personal

responsibility to make the world a better place by being actively involved with various

issues and causes. An additional 17% feel people should generally take part in things

such as voluntary service, donating to charities, or getting involved in community

activities because it is the right thing to do, and 48% feel people can get involved with

different issues and causes if they want to, but shouldn’t necessarily feel obligated to do

so.

Ninety-one percent (91%) of adults have made contributions within the past three

years. By age, those that have done so are as follows:



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 77 •













18-to-36:

37-to-48:

49-to-67:

68 and older:



86%

92%

93%

98%

















Types of contributions were as follows:

Used clothing:

73%

Money:

66%

Food:

53%

Other used items:

45%

Time/labor:

41%

Blood:

18%



When asked what cause should be the biggest priority for charities to focus their

resources, responses in the Harris Poll were as follows:

• Youth/families:

16%

• Education:

15%

• Human rights:

12%

• Medical research:

11%

• Disaster relief:

10%

• Environmental:

7%

• Global health:

7%

• Animals:

4%

• Other:

17%



9.13 Volunteering

Americans give their time to beautify neighborhoods, restore homes after

disasters, mentor students, assist cultural organizations, and much more.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 61 million Americans, or 26% of

those over the age of 16, volunteer at least once each year through or for an

organization, volunteering a median of 52 hours. Among women, 29% engage in

volunteer activities; 23% of men do so. The percentages by age who do volunteer work

are as follows:

• 16-to-24:

21%

• 25-to-34:

23%

• 35-to-44:

31%

• 45-to-54:

30%

• 55-to-64:

28%

• 65 and older:

24%

The following are the most common activities, ranked by the percentage of

adults engaged in various types of volunteer work (source: Bureau of Labor Statistics):



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 78 •

















Fundraising:

Tutoring/teaching:

Collecting/preparing/distributing/serving food:

General labor/supplying transportation:

Providing professional/management assistance:

Coaching/refereeing sports teams:



11%

10%

9%

9%

8%

6%



According to the Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS,

www.nationalservice.gov), volunteers contribute about 8.2 billion hours a year.

While the perception may be that volunteers are primarily adults who are active

in their communities or retirees with ample available time, many young adults also give

their time. According to the CNCS, approximately 3.3 million college students, or 30%

of all students, volunteer each year. Tutoring and mentoring are the most common

activities.



9.14 Market Resources

Corporation for National and Community Service, 1201 New York Avenue NW,

Washington, DC 20525. (202) 606-5000. (www.nationalservice.gov)

Stress In American, American Psychological Association.

(www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/)

The Gallup Organization, 901 F Street NW, Washington, DC 20004. (202) 715-3030.

(www.gallup.com)

The Harris Poll, a Nielsen Company, 60 Corporate Woods, Rochester, NY 14623.

(585) 272-8400. (www.theharrispoll.com)

The NPD Group, 900 West Shore Road, Port Washington, NY 11050. (516) 625-0700.

(www.npd.com)



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 79 •



10

PERSONAL WELL-BEING



10.1 Overview

Gallup (www.gallup.com) and Healthways (www.healthways.com) have been

tracking personal well-being since 2008.

In 2015, Gallup surveyed 2.3 million adults asking how people feel about and

experience their daily lives. A Well-Being Index® was computed for each state and

major metropolitan area.

The Well-Being Index provides an assessment of well-being across five

elements, as follows:

• Purpose: Liking what you do each day and being motivated to achieve your goals

• Social: Having supportive relationships and love in your life

• Financial: Managing your economic life to reduce stress and increase security

• Community: Liking where you live, feeling safe and having pride in your community

• Physical: Having good health and enough energy to get things done daily

Gallup found that compared with residents of low well-being communities,

residents of high well-being communities have the following attributes:

• Purpose Well-Being: 12% more likely to learn new and interesting things

• Social Well-Being: 6% more likely to get positive energy from family and friends

• Financial Well-Being: 16% less likely to worry about money

• Community Well-Being: 18% more likely to be proud of their community

• Physical Well-Being: 25% less likely to have depression over their lifetime

_________________________________________________________________



“In communities with higher well-being, we

have found that people live longer, happier lives

and businesses and local economies flourish.”

Gallup

_________________________________________________________________



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 80 •



10.2 Well-Being by State

The 2015 Well-Being Index score for the United States was 61.7.

The Well-Being Index and ranking for the five constituent elements are as

follows:

Rank



1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.



Hawaii:

Alaska:

Montana:

Colorado:

Wyoming:

South Dakota:

Minnesota:

Utah:

Arizona:

California:

Texas:

Florida:

Wisconsin:

Iowa:

North Dakota:

New Mexico:

Virginia:

Connecticut:

South Carolina:

Nebraska:

New Hampshire:

Maine:

North Carolina:

Washington:

Kansas:

Rhode Island:

Delaware:

Alabama:

Vermont:

Massachusetts:

Oregon:

New Jersey:

Pennsylvania:

Maryland:

Illinois:

Idaho:

Tennessee:

Nevada:



Index



Purpose

Rank



Social

Rank



64.8

64.1

63.8

63.6

63.5

63.5

63.3

63.1

63.0

62.7

62.7

62.4

62.4

62.4

62.3

62.2

62.2

62.2

62.2

62.1

62.1

62.1

62.1

62.0

62.0

61.9

61.9

61.8

61.8

61.8

61.7

61.6

61.6

61.6

61.5

61.5

61.5

61.5



4

5

21

15

3

7

14

18

6

10

2

9

31

20

11

19

23

34

8

16

48

28

17

42

24

36

1

13

49

47

33

40

37

29

30

43

26

41



16

5

37

21

15

43

19

3

7

18

11

4

31

35

48

13

9

2

1

42

17

36

8

23

20

14

33

12

26

28

25

6

24

10

30

40

38

29



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 81 •



Financial Community

Rank

Rank



3

1

9

17

8

6

4

31

23

21

35

36

7

5

2

32

15

18

39

12

20

22

44

11

30

19

13

42

16

25

29

28

10

14

26

48

40

43



2

7

1

6

4

3

8

5

16

29

18

27

20

11

19

31

28

43

24

13

14

10

17

26

22

38

35

21

12

34

25

49

37

48

45

9

15

39



Physical

Rank



1

6

4

2

10

7

9

11

8

3

20

16

19

30

37

14

18

5

32

36

21

33

29

24

28

15

31

41

25

12

35

13

27

26

23

40

42

22



39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.



Michigan:

New York:

Georgia:

Louisiana:

Mississippi:

Arkansas:

Missouri:

Indiana:

Ohio:

Oklahoma:

Kentucky:

West Virginia:



61.3

61.2

61.2

61.1

60.9

60.9

60.8

60.5

60.5

60.4

60.3

58.5



38

46

27

12

22

25

35

39

45

32

44

50



34

39

27

22

32

49

46

41

45

47

44

50



24

37

49

46

50

38

34

33

27

45

41

47



33

47

41

42

40

23

36

44

46

32

30

50



38

17

34

39

43

47

44

46

45

48

49

50



10.3 Well-Being by Metro

The ranking for the five constituent elements of well-being for metropolitan areas

is as follows:

Rank



1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.



Purpose

Rank



North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL:

Urban Honolulu, HI:

Raleigh, NC:

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA:

El Paso, TX:

Austin-Round Rock, TX:

Provo-Orem, UT:

San Jose-Sunnyvale, CA:

Washington-Arlington, DC-VA:

Winston-Salem, NC:

Los Angeles-Anaheim, CA:

San Francisco-Oakland, CA:

Houston-The Woodlands, TX:

Chattanooga, TN:

Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA:

San Diego-Carlsbad, CA:

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN:

Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE:

Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL:

San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX:

Richmond, VA:

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX:

Charleston-North Charleston, SC:

Springfield, IL:

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO:



11

14

9

6

1

12

18

51

27

34

16

48

4

8

32

41

53

38

19

13

31

10

35

69

39



Social

Rank



4

70

6

3

57

37

9

44

12

8

46

31

36

1

38

53

58

47

14

60

7

49

5

16

72



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 82 •



Financial Community

Rank

Rank



2

1

13

11

63

37

28

3

5

58

40

10

22

64

4

25

7

6

33

56

38

34

75

15

26



12

6

3

8

23

4

1

32

35

14

44

33

30

2

51

18

16

10

28

11

27

24

19

68

22



Physical

Rank



2

26

24

29

1

21

47

4

9

14

3

8

33

59

23

15

22

72

17

54

40

50

32

10

25



26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

51.

52.

53.

54.

55.

56.

57.

58.

59.

60.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.



Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI:

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA:

Colorado Springs, CO:

Tucson, AZ:

Stockton-Lodi, CA:

Albuquerque, NM:

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC:

Boise City, ID:

Lancaster, PA:

Miami-West Palm Beach, FL:

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT:

Hartford, CT:

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ:

Milwaukee-Waukesha-W Allis, WI:

Sacramento-Arden-Arcade, CA:

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL:

Salt Lake City, UT:

Wichita, KS:

Nashville-Murfreesboro, TN:

Bakersfield, CA:

Fresno, CA:

Palm Bay-Melbourne, FL:

New Haven-Milford, CT:

Atlanta-Roswell, GA:

Greenville-Anderson, SC:

Des Moines, IA:

Augusta-Richmond County, GA:

Jacksonville, FL:

Baton Rouge, LA:

New York-Newark, NY-NJ:

Tulsa, OK:

Riverside-San Bernardino, CA:

Little Rock-Conway, AR:

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA:

Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA:

Greensboro-High Point, NC:

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA:

Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA:

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL:

Madison, WI:

Syracuse, NY:

Ogden-Clearfield, UT:

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY:

Pittsburgh, PA:



52

66

30

24

17

22

20

62

71

26

63

61

33

36

56

25

60

29

49

3

5

70

47

37

59

90

46

45

2

75

7

23

15

78

54

57

84

91

50

93

44

92

55

81



35

34

54

10

20

69

43

65

93

23

88

30

40

29

27

39

64

41

84

2

89

75

48

42

55

74

11

45

19

61

22

52

28

32

76

62

66

73

77

95

13

83

17

68



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 83 •



8

20

87

41

21

71

65

68

9

92

43

18

48

30

45

84

74

16

61

99

85

66

50

77

95

23

90

52

83

60

59

78

55

42

24

91

36

57

39

17

27

97

14

12



17

26

25

54

93

59

36

9

13

48

58

62

50

60

56

49

29

46

31

96

90

37

91

67

5

7

39

70

53

72

21

75

47

45

43

42

55

41

79

15

78

20

74

61



61

16

27

18

13

7

35

41

43

11

5

20

37

30

34

38

36

74

53

31

12

28

6

42

70

88

65

45

87

19

95

46

83

55

75

73

58

51

44

84

67

56

68

71



70.

71.

72.

73.

74.

75.

76.

77.

78.

79.

80.

81.

82.

83.

84.

85.

86.

87.

88.

89.

90.

91.

92.

93.

94.

95.

96.

97.

98.

99.

100.



Providence-Warwick, RI:

86

Jackson, MS:

21

Rochester, NY:

88

Oklahoma City, OK:

64

Philadelphia-Wilmington, PA-DE:

72

Columbia, SC:

43

New Orleans-Metairie, LA:

40

Kansas City, MO-KS:

68

Las Vegas-Henderson, NV:

79

Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA:

76

Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL:

42

Tampa-St. Petersburg, FL:

67

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD:

83

Memphis, TN:

28

Cleveland-Elyria, OH:

85

Akron, OH:

82

Louisville, KY:

74

Worcester, MA:

99

St. Louis, MO:

65

Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY:

97

Birmingham-Hoover, AL:

58

Cincinnati, OH:

73

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI:

87

Columbus, OH:

94

Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA:

89

Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL: 80

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN:

77

Dayton, OH:

95

Knoxville, TN:

98

Toledo, OH:

96

Youngstown-Warren, OH:

100



92

63

71

51

21

33

80

56

87

50

15

59

25

24

94

82

97

18

67

78

90

85

86

96

91

26

98

79

99

81

100



47

88

32

35

44

100

94

49

69

54

93

79

31

98

29

62

89

72

46

19

81

53

70

80

51

82

67

73

96

86

76



65

95

64

34

82

92

52

57

84

85

71

63

94

89

86

88

40

80

73

87

66

77

97

69

98

83

76

81

38

100

99



52

63

76

92

57

39

79

85

49

62

82

69

64

78

60

48

89

66

90

80

96

86

81

91

77

94

99

98

100

97

93



10.4 Well-Being Among Older Adults

The ranking by state among adults ages 55 and older for the five constituent

elements of well-being is as follows:

Rank



1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.



Hawaii:

Montana:

South Dakota:

Alaska:

Iowa:

New Hampshire:



Purpose

Rank



Social

Rank



2

15

4

19

7

34



20

38

11

32

18

6



CONSUMER BEHAVIOR 2017-2018



• 84 •



Financial Community

Rank

Rank



7

11

9

3

4

10



1

5

4

6

2

12



Physical

Rank



1

3

23

34

25

4



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7 Weight Control and Dieting

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