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1 DC Characteristics: PIC16F873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial) PIC16F873/874/876/877-...

1 DC Characteristics: PIC16F873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial) PIC16F873/874/876/877-...

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PIC16F87X
15.1

DC Characteristics:

PIC16F873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial)
PIC16F873/874/876/877-20 (Commercial, Industrial)
PIC16LF873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial)
(Continued)

PIC16LF873/874/876/877-04
(Commercial, Industrial)

Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C for industrial
0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C for commercial

PIC16F873/874/876/877-04
PIC16F873/874/876/877-20
(Commercial, Industrial)

Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C for industrial
0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C for commercial

Param
No.

Symbol
IDD

Characteristic/
Device

Min

Typ†

Max

Units

Conditions

Supply Current(2,5)

D010

16LF87X



0.6

2.0

mA

XT, RC osc configuration
FOSC = 4 MHz, VDD = 3.0V

D010

16F87X



1.6

4

mA

RC osc configurations
FOSC = 4 MHz, VDD = 5.5V

D010A

16LF87X



20

35

µA

LP osc configuration
FOSC = 32 kHz, VDD = 3.0V,
WDT disabled

D013

16F87X



7

15

mA

HS osc configuration,
FOSC = 20 MHz, VDD = 5.5V



85

200

µA

BOR enabled, VDD = 5.0V

D015

∆IBOR

Brown-out
Reset Current(6)

Legend: Rows with standard voltage device data only are shaded for improved readability.
† Data in “Typ” column is at 5V, 25°C, unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design guidance
only, and are not tested.
Note 1: This is the limit to which VDD can be lowered without losing RAM data.
2: The supply current is mainly a function of the operating voltage and frequency. Other factors such as I/O pin
loading, switching rate, oscillator type, internal code execution pattern and temperature also have an impact
on the current consumption.
The test conditions for all IDD measurements in active operation mode are:
OSC1 = external square wave, from rail to rail; all I/O pins tri-stated, pulled to VDD;
MCLR = VDD; WDT enabled/disabled as specified.
3: The power-down current in SLEEP mode does not depend on the oscillator type. Power-down current is
measured with the part in SLEEP mode, with all I/O pins in hi-impedance state and tied to VDD and VSS.
4: For RC osc configuration, current through REXT is not included. The current through the resistor can be estimated by the formula Ir = VDD/2REXT (mA) with REXT in kOhm.
5: Timer1 oscillator (when enabled) adds approximately 20 µA to the specification. This value is from characterization and is for design guidance only. This is not tested.
6: The ∆ current is the additional current consumed when this peripheral is enabled. This current should be
added to the base IDD or IPD measurement.
7: When BOR is enabled, the device will operate correctly until the VBOR voltage trip point is reached.

 2001 Microchip Technology Inc.

DS30292C-page 153

PIC16F87X
15.1

DC Characteristics:

PIC16F873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial)
PIC16F873/874/876/877-20 (Commercial, Industrial)
PIC16LF873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial)
(Continued)

PIC16LF873/874/876/877-04
(Commercial, Industrial)

Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C for industrial
0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C for commercial

PIC16F873/874/876/877-04
PIC16F873/874/876/877-20
(Commercial, Industrial)

Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C for industrial
0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C for commercial

Param
No.

Symbol

Characteristic/
Device

IPD

Power-down Current(3,5)

D020

16LF87X

Min

Typ†

Max

Units

Conditions



7.5

30

µA

VDD = 3.0V, WDT enabled,
-40°C to +85°C

D020

16F87X



10.5

42

µA

VDD = 4.0V, WDT enabled,
-40°C to +85°C

D021

16LF87X



0.9

5

µA

VDD = 3.0V, WDT enabled,
0°C to +70°C

D021

16F87X



1.5

16

µA

VDD = 4.0V, WDT enabled,
-40°C to +85°C

D021A

16LF87X

0.9

5

µA

VDD = 3.0V, WDT enabled,
-40°C to +85°C

D021A

16F87X

1.5

19

µA

VDD = 4.0V, WDT enabled,
-40°C to +85°C

85

200

µA

BOR enabled, VDD = 5.0V

D023

∆IBOR

Brown-out
Reset Current(6)



Legend: Rows with standard voltage device data only are shaded for improved readability.
† Data in “Typ” column is at 5V, 25°C, unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design guidance
only, and are not tested.
Note 1: This is the limit to which VDD can be lowered without losing RAM data.
2: The supply current is mainly a function of the operating voltage and frequency. Other factors such as I/O pin
loading, switching rate, oscillator type, internal code execution pattern and temperature also have an impact
on the current consumption.
The test conditions for all IDD measurements in active operation mode are:
OSC1 = external square wave, from rail to rail; all I/O pins tri-stated, pulled to VDD;
MCLR = VDD; WDT enabled/disabled as specified.
3: The power-down current in SLEEP mode does not depend on the oscillator type. Power-down current is
measured with the part in SLEEP mode, with all I/O pins in hi-impedance state and tied to VDD and VSS.
4: For RC osc configuration, current through REXT is not included. The current through the resistor can be estimated by the formula Ir = VDD/2REXT (mA) with REXT in kOhm.
5: Timer1 oscillator (when enabled) adds approximately 20 µA to the specification. This value is from characterization and is for design guidance only. This is not tested.
6: The ∆ current is the additional current consumed when this peripheral is enabled. This current should be
added to the base IDD or IPD measurement.
7: When BOR is enabled, the device will operate correctly until the VBOR voltage trip point is reached.

DS30292C-page 154

 2001 Microchip Technology Inc.

PIC16F87X
15.2

DC Characteristics: PIC16F873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial)
PIC16F873/874/876/877-20 (Commercial, Industrial)
PIC16LF873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial)
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C for industrial
0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C for commercial
Operating voltage VDD range as described in DC specification
(Section 15.1)

DC CHARACTERISTICS

Param
No.

Sym
VIL

D030
D030A
D031
D032
D033
D034
D034A
VIH

Characteristic
Input Low Voltage
I/O ports
with TTL buffer
with Schmitt Trigger buffer
MCLR, OSC1 (in RC mode)
OSC1 (in XT, HS and LP)
Ports RC3 and RC4
with Schmitt Trigger buffer
with SMBus
Input High Voltage
I/O ports
with TTL buffer

Min

Vss
Vss
Vss
VSS
VSS
Vss
-0.5

Typ†

Max

— 0.15VDD

0.8V
— 0.2VDD
— 0.2VDD
— 0.3VDD

— 0.3VDD

0.6

Units

Conditions

V
V
V
V
V

For entire VDD range
4.5V ≤ VDD ≤ 5.5V

V
V

For entire VDD range
for VDD = 4.5 to 5.5V

(Note 1)

2.0
0.25VDD
+ 0.8V
0.8VDD
0.8VDD
0.7VDD
0.9VDD





VDD
VDD

V
V

4.5V ≤ VDD ≤ 5.5V
For entire VDD range






VDD
VDD
VDD
VDD

V
V
V
V

For entire VDD range

0.7VDD
1.4
50



250

VDD
5.5
400

V For entire VDD range
V for VDD = 4.5 to 5.5V
µA VDD = 5V, VPIN = VSS,
-40°C TO +85°C

D060

Input Leakage Current(2, 3)
I/O ports





±1

D061
D063

MCLR, RA4/T0CKI
OSC1







±5
±5

D040
D040A
D041
D042
D042A
D043
D044
D044A
D070

with Schmitt Trigger buffer
MCLR
OSC1 (XT, HS and LP)
OSC1 (in RC mode)
Ports RC3 and RC4
with Schmitt Trigger buffer
with SMBus
IPURB PORTB Weak Pull-up Current
IIL

(Note 1)

µA Vss ≤ VPIN ≤ VDD,
Pin at hi-impedance
µA Vss ≤ VPIN ≤ VDD
µA Vss ≤ VPIN ≤ VDD, XT, HS
and LP osc configuration

*


These parameters are characterized but not tested.
Data in "Typ" column is at 5V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design guidance
only and are not tested.
Note 1: In RC oscillator configuration, the OSC1/CLKIN pin is a Schmitt Trigger input. It is not recommended that the
PIC16F87X be driven with external clock in RC mode.
2: The leakage current on the MCLR pin is strongly dependent on the applied voltage level. The specified levels
represent normal operating conditions. Higher leakage current may be measured at different input voltages.
3: Negative current is defined as current sourced by the pin.

 2001 Microchip Technology Inc.

DS30292C-page 155

PIC16F87X
15.2

DC Characteristics: PIC16F873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial)
PIC16F873/874/876/877-20 (Commercial, Industrial)
PIC16LF873/874/876/877-04 (Commercial, Industrial)
(Continued)
Standard Operating Conditions (unless otherwise stated)
Operating temperature -40°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C for industrial
0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C for commercial
Operating voltage VDD range as described in DC specification
(Section 15.1)

DC CHARACTERISTICS

Param
No.

Sym
VOL

Characteristic

Min

Typ†

Max

Units

D080

Output Low Voltage
I/O ports





0.6

V

D083

OSC2/CLKOUT (RC osc config)





0.6

V

VOH

Conditions

IOL = 8.5 mA, VDD = 4.5V,
-40°C to +85°C
IOL = 1.6 mA, VDD = 4.5V,
-40°C to +85°C

Output High Voltage

D090

I/O ports(3)

VDD - 0.7





V

D092

OSC2/CLKOUT (RC osc config)

VDD - 0.7





V





8.5

V





15







50
400

pF In XT, HS and LP modes when
external clock is used to drive
OSC1
pF
pF

100K
VMIN





5.5



4

8

1000
VMIN
VMIN






5.5
5.5

D150*

D100

D101
D102
D120
D121
D122
D130
D131
D132A

Open-Drain High Voltage
Capacitive Loading Specs on
Output Pins
COSC2 OSC2 pin
VOD

CIO
CB

All I/O pins and OSC2 (RC mode)
SCL, SDA (I2C mode)
Data EEPROM Memory
ED Endurance
VDRW VDD for read/write
TDEW Erase/write cycle time
Program FLASH Memory
EP Endurance
VPR VDD for read
VDD for erase/write

D133
*


IOH = -3.0 mA, VDD = 4.5V,
-40°C to +85°C
IOH = -1.3 mA, VDD = 4.5V,
-40°C to +85°C
RA4 pin

E/W 25°C at 5V
V Using EECON to read/write
VMIN = min. operating voltage
ms
E/W 25°C at 5V
V VMIN = min operating voltage
V Using EECON to read/write,
VMIN = min. operating voltage
ms

TPEW Erase/Write cycle time

4
8
These parameters are characterized but not tested.
Data in "Typ" column is at 5V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. These parameters are for design guidance
only and are not tested.
Note 1: In RC oscillator configuration, the OSC1/CLKIN pin is a Schmitt Trigger input. It is not recommended that the
PIC16F87X be driven with external clock in RC mode.
2: The leakage current on the MCLR pin is strongly dependent on the applied voltage level. The specified levels
represent normal operating conditions. Higher leakage current may be measured at different input voltages.
3: Negative current is defined as current sourced by the pin.

DS30292C-page 156

 2001 Microchip Technology Inc.