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4 CISTERN (COLD WATER STORAGE TANK) MATERIALS

4 CISTERN (COLD WATER STORAGE TANK) MATERIALS

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AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

12

2.6.5 Filler rods for stainless steel joints Joints in stainless steel pipework larger than
DN 25 shall be made using filler rods of low carbon stainless steel not greater than 2 mm
in diameter and complying with AS 1167.2.
2.7 BEDDING AND BACKFILL The water services shall be surrounded with not less
than 75 mm of compacted sand, or fine-grained soil, with no hard-edged object permitted
to come in contact with or rest against any pipe or fitting.
Any backfill within 300 mm of the top of the pipe shall be free from builder’s waste,
bricks, concrete pieces, rocks or similar material which would be retained on a 75 mm
sieve.
Unless specified to the contrary, copper and stainless steel pipelines may be installed in
soil excavated from the trench in which it is to be installed, providing the soil is
compatible with copper and stainless steel and free from rock and rubble.
2.8

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

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2.8.1 Timber Timber exposed to the weather shall be of durability Class 2 complying
with AS 2878, NZS 3631 or shall be adequately treated in accordance with AS 1604 or
NZS 3640.
2.8.2 Thermal insulation Thermal insulation for the protection of pipework against
freezing shall comply with BS 5422.
NOTE: In selecting insulating materials, consideration should be given to maintaining the fireresistance level of any affected building components and to potential smoke and fume release.

2.8.3 External protective coatings External coatings used for the protection against
corrosion of pipelines buried in corrosive areas shall —
(a)

be impervious to the passage of moisture;

(b)

be resistant to the external corrosive environment;

(c)

be resistant to abrasion by the surrounding fill; and

(d)

not contain any material which could cause corrosion to the underlying pipes or
fittings.
NOTE: Polyethylene sleeving used to protect underground pipelines may require additional
protection if installed in rock or stony ground.

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AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

S E C T I O N 3
I N S T AL L A T I O N O F C O L D A N D
H O T W A T E R P I P I N G A N D C O NT R O L S
3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION This Section sets out the requirements for the installation
of pipes, fittings, cisterns and apparatus used to supply water to and from a water heater.
3.2

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

3.2.1 Electrical earthing Before any existing metallic water service pipe, which forms
part of an earth electrode for an electrical installation, is cut or uncoupled, the following
precautions shall be taken to reduce the risk of electrical shock:
(a)

The main switch or switches on the premises shall be switched off and a tag reading

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‘DANGER DO NOT SWITCH ON’ attached over the switch.

(b)

A bridging conductor, fitted with suitable clamps and having a current rating of not
less than 70 A, shall be connected across the intended gap.

(c)

The pipe shall be cleaned to bare metal where the clamps are to be connected.

(d)

The electrical bridge shall not be broken or removed until all work on the water
service is completed and continuity of the metallic service pipe is restored.

(e)

Where any existing metallic service pipe is to be replaced in part or in its entirety
by plastic pipe or other non-metallic fittings or couplings, the work shall not
commence until the earthing requirements have been checked by an electrical
contractor and modified, if necessary.

3.2.2 Proximity to electrical cables and gaspipes
that—

Water services shall be installed so

(a)

no potential safety hazard is created when in close proximity to other services; and

(b)

access for maintenance and potential branch insertions is not impaired by the other
services.
NOTE: The proximity to other services will vary, depending on the type and size of the
services affected.

3.3
3.3.1

METHODS OF JOINTING
General

Jointing of water services shall be in accordance with the following:

(a)

Burrs formed in cutting any pipe shall be removed.

(b)

Where heat is used in joining taps or valves to pipes, only valves specifically
designed for capillary joints and of a size not larger than DN 50 shall be used. To
prevent damage, the top assembly and jumper valve shall be removed from the body
of taps and valves before silver-brazing.

(c)

Where straight sections of pipes of different diameter are to be joined, such increase
or reduction in size shall be made by a fitting.

(d)

Sockets and tees shall be fabricated from AS 1432 Type A, B or C or NZS 3501
copper, copper alloy or stainless steel pipe using tools designed for such purposes;
they shall then be silver-brazed.

3.3.2

Prohibited methods The following methods of jointing shall be prohibited:

(a)

Crimping to reduce a larger diameter pipe when joining to a smaller diameter pipe.

(b)

Use of a filler rod to fill the annular space when joining copper, copper alloy or
stainless steel pipes of different sizes.
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AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

14

3.3.3 Threading Threads shall comply with the relevant Standard for the materials to
be joined and be sealed with an appropriate jointing medium.
3.3.4

Compression-type fittings Compression-type fittings shall comply as follows:

(a)

Where Type 2 fittings are used, the pipe shall be flared or croxed to join copper or
stainless steel.

(b)

Plastic nuts shall not be used to connect any pipe to a cistern that supplies water to
a water heater.

3.3.5 Flanged joints Flanged joints shall be appropriate for the test pressure
requirements described in Section 8 and shall comply with—
(a)

AS/NZS 1477 or NZS 7648 for UPVC;

(b)

AS/NZS 2280 and AS/NZS 4331 for ductile iron and grey cast iron; or

(c)

AS 2129 or AS/NZS 4331.

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Flanges shall be attached to the pipe ends by means of —
(i)

threads for galvanized steel pipe and fittings;

(ii)

silver brazing in accordance with Clause 2.6.3 or bolting for flanges of copper alloy
to copper or copper alloy pipes or fittings;

(iii)

solvent cement for UPVC pipes and fittings; or

(iv)

set screws for cast iron pipes and fittings.

Flange joints below ground shall be protected against corrosion as detailed in Clause 3.9.
3.3.6

Jointing of stainless steel pipe and fittings

3.3.6.1 Jointing of pipework, up to and including DN 25 Joints not larger than DN 25
shall be made by using mechanically jointed compression fittings Type 1 or 2 complying
with AS 3688 or using silver brazed stainless steel capillary joints. Silver brazing alloys
shall comply with Clause 2.6.3.2.
3.3.6.2 Jointing of pipework larger than DN 25 Joints in stainless steel piping larger
than DN 25 shall be in accordance with one of the following:
(a)

(b)

To be butt welded using a tungsten inert gas (TIG) argon arc method and—
(i)

have a gap not greater than 0.5 mm between the abutting pipe ends to be
joined;

(ii)

have inserted a back-up ring 6 mm long, made from the parent pipe, to
straddle the joint of pipes with a wall thickness less than 1.2 mm;

(iii)

use a low carbon stainless steel type filler rod not greater than 2 mm in
diameter; and

(iv)

be tack welded in not less than four spots around the circumference, prior to
welding the entire joint.

Have flanged joints, fabricated by rolling or welding to the pipe, a stub flange of
the same wall thickness as the pipe, having a diameter conforming to dimension ‘F’
in AS 2129 or AS/NZS 4331. A mild steel back-up flange complying with AS 2129
or AS/NZS 4331 shall be fitted and a gasket not less than 3 mm thick, shall be
inserted.
NOTE: Jointing should be carried out by suitably trained persons.

3.3.7 Alternative jointing Alternative methods such as non-metallic friction lock,
crimp, fusion welded joints or other methods suitable to the product may be used.
Manufacturer’s installation instructions shall be adhered to where applicable.

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3.4

AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

SUPPORT AND FIXING ABOVE GROUND

3.4.1 General Water services installed above ground shall be retained in position, by
brackets, clips or hangers.
3.4.2

Brackets, clips and hangers

(a)

formed from a suitable material;

(b)

securely attached to the building structure;

(c)

designed to withstand the applied loads;

(d)

protected against corrosion, where exposed to a corrosive environment;

(e)

of like material or lined with a non-abrasive, inert material for that section where
contact with the piping may occur;

(f)

clamped securely to prevent movement, unless designed to allow for thermal
movement;

(g)

restrained to prevent lateral movement; and

(h)

installed so that no movement can occur while a valve is being operated and that the
weight of the valve is not transferred to the pipe.

3.4.3
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Brackets, clips and hangers shall be —

Prohibited supports The following methods of support shall be prohibited:

(a)

Pipes shall not be supported by brazing or welding short sections of any material to
the pipe surface, nor by clamping, brazing or welding to adjacent pipes.

(b)

Brackets, clips and hangers incorporating PVC shall not be used in contact with
stainless steel pipes.

3.4.4 Spacing
with Table 3.1.

Water services shall be supported and fixed at intervals, in accordance

3.4.5 Securing of pipes and fittings Any pipe or fitting which may be subjected to
strain or torsion shall be positively fastened against twisting or any other movement.
For hot water piping, the fixing shall be in such a manner as to permit movement due to
thermal expansion and not to cause damage or corrosion to the pipe (see Clause 3.4.3(b)).
3.5

LOCATION OF PIPING

3.5.1 Walls Water services located in timber or metal-framed walls of brick or veneer
construction shall be installed in accordance with the following:
(a)

The pipe material shall be copper complying with NZS 3501 or not less than
AS 1432 Type C, copper alloy, stainless steel, polybutylene, polypropylene,
chlorinated polyvinyl chloride or cross-linked polyethylene.

(b)

Holes drilled in studs or plates shall be accurately sized so as to firmly fix in
position fully lagged pipes. Where unlagged pipes are used, a collar of lagging
material or a neutral cure silicone sealant shall be used to fill the annular space.
NOTES:
1

The cavity wall gap should not be reduced with installation of piping runs.

2

Relevant building codes and regulations specify maximum diameters and frequency
limits for any holes drilled in timber or steel framing members.

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AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

16

TABLE

3.1

SPACING OF BRACKETS AND CLIPS
Ma x i mu m s p a c in g of
of br
br a c k e tss an
an d cli
li p s , m

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No m ina l pi
pip e s izee

DN

Co p p e r , co p p e r al
al lo y
a n d s ta in l e s s s t e el
p ipe
pe s

10
15
16

PE-X
X, PB
PB,, cPV
PVC
C an
an d PP-R
R pi
pipe
pe s
Ho r i zo n t a l o r g r a d edd
p ipe
pe s

V er t ica
ca l p ipe
pe s

1.50
1.50


0.50
0.60
0.60

1.00
1.20
1.20

18
20
22

1.50
1.50


0.60
0.70
0.70

1.20
1.40
1.40

25
32
40

2.00
2.50
2.50

0.75
0.85
0.90

1.50
1.70
1.80

50
63
65

3.00

3.00

1.05
1.10
1.20

2.10
2.20
2.40

75
80
90


4.00
4.00

1.30
1.35
1.40

2.60
2.70
2.80

100
110
125

4.00

4.00

1.50
1.50
1.70

3.00
3.00
3.40

140
150
160


4.00


1.70
2.00
2.00

3.40
4.00
4.00

NO TES:
1

Due to water pressure effects, additional brackets, clips or hangers (complying with Clause 3.4.2) may be
required to prevent movement.

2

Where plastic pipes are supported by building structures, clips and brackets may be placed at larger
intervals than above. Pipes in parallel pipe systems may be bundled together using non-metallic ties.

3.5.2 Chases, ducts or conduits Service pipes located in chases, ducts or conduits
within walls or floors of masonry or concrete construction shall be installed in accordance
with the following:
(a)

Material shall be copper complying with NZS 3501 or not less than AS 1432
Type C, copper alloy, stainless steel, polypropylene, polybutylene, chlorinated
polyvinyl chloride or cross-linked polyethylene.

(b)

Pipes in chases shall be continuously wrapped with an impermeable, flexible
material.
NOTE: Continuous wrapping may depend on type of material and its application.

(c)

Ducts shall be fitted with removable covers.

(d)

Conduits embedded in walls or floors shall comply with the requirements of the
appropriate building authority.

(e)

Due allowance shall be made for expansion and contraction in accordance with
Clause 3.14.3.

(f)

Service pipes shall not be embedded or cast into concrete structures.
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17

AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

3.5.3 Under concrete slabs Water service pipes located beneath concrete slabs on
ground level shall comply with the following:
(a) Material shall be copper complying with NZS 3501 or not less than AS 1432
Type B, copper alloy, stainless steel, polypropylene, polybutylene, chlorinated
polyvinyl chloride or cross-linked polyethylene.
(b) Pipes shall be insulated in accordance with Clause 6.4.4 laid in a narrow trench on a
bed of sand or fine-grained soil, placed and compacted in a manner which will not
damage the piping. There shall be a minimum distance of 75 mm between the pipe
and the underside of the slab.
(c) The pipe ends shall be crimped or capped prior to pouring of the concrete and
measures shall be taken to protect the exposed pipe from damage.
(d) Any piping that penetrates the slab shall be at right angles to the surface of the slab
and shall be lagged with an impermeable, flexible plastic material of not less than
6 mm thickness for the full depth of the slab penetration.
(e) Soft-soldered joints shall not be permitted.
(f) The number of joints shall be kept to a minimum.
3.5.4 Protection during building construction Care shall be taken to ensure that the
pipes are not damaged during normal building activities. Concealed pipework shall be
maintained under normal water pressure while subsequent building operations are being
carried out which could cause damage to the pipes. The service shall be flushed with
clean water at regular intervals until the building is occupied.
3.5.5 Floor or roof penetrations Any suspended floor or roof penetration shall be
rendered waterproof in such a manner as to allow for expansion.
3.6 PIPES IN WATER-CHARGED OR FILLED GROUND Water services using
pipes of DN 50 or larger shall not be laid in water charged or filled ground unless
supports have been designed by a qualified engineer.
3.7 CROSS-CONNECTION CONTROL AND BACKFLOW PREVENTION
Cross-connection controls and backflow prevention devices shall be installed in
accordance with AS/NZS 3500.1.2.
3.8 CONTAMINATED AREAS
3.8.1 General Any area that may be contaminated by bacterial or chemical pollution
shall be deemed to be a contaminated area. These areas shall include ashpits, tanks,
ponds, manure bins, waste disposal depots, and wastewater treatment works.
3.8.2 Installation The installation of any water service in or through a contaminated
area shall not be permitted unless the water service —
(a) is laid through a watertight, corrosion resistant conduit of sufficient length and
strength to afford adequate protection to the water service; or
(b) is fixed not less than 600 mm above the surface of the ground likely to be
contaminated.
3.9
area,
(a)
(b)
(c)

CORROSIVE AREAS Where a metallic water service is installed in a corrosive
it shall be externally protected by —
having an impermeable flexible plastic coating;
placing in a sealed polyethylene sleeve; or
continuously wrapping in a petrolatum taping material.

NOTE: Corrosive areas are those which contain substances such as any compound consisting of
magnesium oxychloride (magnesite) or its equivalent, coal wash, sodium chloride (salt),
ammonia or materials that may produce ammonia.
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AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

18

3.10 DEPTH OF COVER IN PUBLIC AREAS Where water services are installed
below ground in public areas, the minimum cover shall comply with Table 3.2.
Where it is advised that the finished road level is to be lowered by the local authority
responsible for roadways, the cover over any water service shall be as shown in Table 3.2
measured from the proposed finished road surface levels.

TABLE

3.2

MINIMUM COVER IN PUBLIC AREAS
Lo c a tio
io n

M in im
mum
um cov
ov e r m
mea su r e be
be l ow gr
gro un d
s u rfa
fa c e le
le v e l , mm

Unpaved
Paved or road surface
Solid rock

450
450
300

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3.11 DEPTH OF COVER IN PRIVATE AREAS Where water services are installed
below ground in private property, the minimum cover shall comply with Table 3.3.

TABLE

3.3

MINIMUM COVER IN PRIVATE PROPERTY
Lo c a tio
io n

M in im
mum
um cov
ov e r m
mea su r e d b e low
ow gr
gr ou n d
s u rfa
fa c e le
le v e l , mm

Subject to vehicular traffic
Under houses or concrete slabs
All other locations

300
75
225

NO TE: Water services with flexible joints laid below ground in sandy
conditions, may require a minimum cover of 600 mm.

3.12

PROTECTION AGAINST FREEZING

3.12.1 Requirement for protection In areas where the ambient temperature frequently
falls below 0°C, care shall be taken to avoid the likelihood of the water service being
damaged by water freezing within the pipes.
3.12.2 Piping located outside buildings All pipes and fittings shall be buried to a
minimum depth of 300 mm. Where this cannot be achieved, the piping shall be covered
with a waterproof insulation or provided with trace heating.
NOTE: Trace heating methods include thermostatically controlled electric resistance heating,
self-limiting electric tape heating and hot water or steam heating.

3.12.3 Pipes located on metal roofs Pipes shall not be installed in direct contact with
metal roofs. Where it is necessary to run piping across a metal roof, it shall be raised
above the roof and surrounded with a waterproof insulation of minimum thickness given
in Table 3.5.

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3.12.4

AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

Pipes located inside buildings

3.12.4.1 General Wherever possible, the pipes should be installed so as to avoid those
areas of the building which are difficult to keep warm and where temperatures are likely
to fall below freezing. These areas include—
(a)

unheated roof spaces;

(b)

unheated cellars;

(c)

locations near windows, ventilators or external doors where cold drafts are likely to
occur; and

(d)

locations in contact with cold surfaces, such as metal roofs, metal framework, or
external metal cladding materials.

3.12.4.2 Pipes in unheated roof spaces Pipes in unheated roof spaces shall be located
not less than 100 mm from the roof covering and external walls. Where practicable, pipes
shall be located under any insulating material laid for restricting heat losses through the
ceilings.

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3.12.4.3 Pipes adjacent to external walls Pipes in external walls shall be positioned not
less than 20 mm away from the external surface and, where practicable, located on the
heated side of any wall insulation present.
3.12.5 Insulation of piping Where it is necessary to install piping in areas where
temperatures are likely to fall below freezing, see Clause 3.12.4.1, the pipes and fittings
shall be surrounded by an appropriate thickness of insulation. Suggested minimum
thicknesses for insulations of various thermal conductivity ranges are given in Tables 3.4
and 3.5.
NOTES:
1

If conditions are particularly severe over an extended time, additional thicknesses of
insulation may be necessary to prevent water freezing.

2

In situations where the building, or part of the building, is not in use over the winter
months, and no heating of the inside areas is maintained, it may be necessary to drain the
pipes to prevent damage by freezing of the water. For effective drainage to occur, it is
essential for air to freely enter the pipes, and for all draw-off taps and float valves to be left
open when draining is being carried out.

TABLE

3.4

TYPICAL EXAMPLES OF INSULATING MATERIALS
Example of material
Rockwool or fibreglass section pipe insulation
(prefabricated sections)

Thermal conductivity
W/m.K
0.032

Rockwool or fibreglass loose fill or blanket material

0.032–0.045

Flexible polyethylene foam pipe

0.034–0.040

Foamed nitrile rubber

0.040

Loose vermiculite (exfoliated)

0.06–0.07

Preinsulated copper pipe

0.070–0.075

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AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

20

TABLE

3.5

MINIMUM THICKNESSES FOR THERMAL INSULATION
TO PREVENT FREEZING OF WATER IN PIPES
Minimum thickness required, mm
Pipe size
Thermal conductivity of insulating material, W/m.K
DN

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

15
18
20

9
6
4

14
9
6

20
12
8

29
15
10

40
20
12

25
32

3
2

4
3

5
4

6
5

8
6

NO TE: The insulation thicknesses were calculated using the equations given in
BS 5422 to just prevent freezing of water initially at 15°C if exposed to an
ambient temperature of −5°C for a period of 8 h.

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3.13

COLD WATER PIPING AND CISTERNS

3.13.1 General The following requirements apply to the cold water piping to water
heaters and cisterns, and to cold water cistern piping:
(a)

Cold water supply pipe The cold water supply pipe shall be of the same nominal
size as the inlet to the isolating valve.

(b)

Cistern connections Unions or similar couplings shall be used for the connections
to the inlet and outlet of a separately mounted cistern.

(c)

Cold water cistern piping Any cold water feed piping between a cistern which is
not an integral part of a water heater and the water heater shall—
(i)

have a nominal size not less than DN 25 for a displacement water heater, and
larger than the nominal size of the heater outlet;

(ii)

be fitted with a gate valve or other full-way valve of the same nominal size
as the piping, if the cistern has a capacity exceeding 50 L; and

(iii)

be connected to the water heater inlet by unions or similar couplings to
facilitate disconnection.

3.13.2

Cold water cisterns (See Figures 4.1 and 4.2)

3.13.2.1 General Cold water cisterns installed to supply water to a water heater shall
meet the following requirements:
(a)

They shall be constructed of a material complying with Clause 2.4 and having
equivalent strength and durability to copper sheet of 0.55 mm thickness.

(b)

For metal cisterns, they shall be —
(i)

reinforced along the upper edges to prevent distortion of the tank;

(ii)

welded, brazed or soft-soldered at all joints;

(iii)

independent of the solder for mechanical strength of soldered joints; and

(iv)

have joints of a type suitable for the water conditions for which the cistern is
intended.

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21

(c)

AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

They shall have an outlet of brass or other suitable material threaded to series RP in
accordance with AS 1722.1 or NZS/BS 21. The outlet shall be—
(i)

placed as far as practicable from the float valve outlet;

(ii)

fixed so as to provide a distance of not less than 25 mm between the floor of
the tank and the invert of outlet; and

(iii)

secured into the tank by a method appropriate to the materials to ensure a
permanent watertight and mechanically strong connection but which shall not
rely on soft solder alone for this purpose.

(d)

They shall be fitted with a float valve complying with AS 1910;

(e)

They shall incorporate an air gap in accordance with AS/NZS 3500.1.2;

(f)

They shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the static level at which the water is
to be set.

(g)

They shall be fitted with a close-fitting cover which, in the case of external tanks,
shall be adequately secured and of material having corrosion-resisting properties not
inferior to 0.5 mm thick galvanized steel sheet complying with AS 1397.

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3.13.2.2 Cistern capacity Where a displacement water heater or container is supplied
from a remote cistern, the cistern shall have an effective capacity between the outlet and
the marked water level not less than the following:
(a)

(b)

Household installations —
(i)

36 L for water heaters or containers up to and including 400 L capacity; and

(ii)

68 L for water heaters or containers greater than 400 L up to and including
700 L capacity.

Commercial and industrial installations — a capacity which shall ensure effective
operation of the hot water system under the peak loading conditions that are likely
to occur.

NOTES:
1

Where the hot water draw-offs are less than those in household premises, a cistern of the
capacity specified in Item (a) should suffice.

2

Where large hot water draw-offs are made over a short period, a capacity substantially
greater than that specified in Item (a) will be needed.

3

Allowance for extra capacity should be made where the cistern is required to supply water
additional to the supply to the water heater.

4

In New Zealand allowance must be made for seismic restraint (see NZBC Clause G12 Water
Supplies).

3.13.2.3 Flow capacity The capacity of the float valve and all pressure piping to the
float valve and connecting pipes from the cold water tank to the water heater or container
shall be capable of maintaining a water flow rate of not less than —
(a)

0.21 L/s (12.5 L/min) for water heaters or containers with volumetric storage
capacity up to 400 L; or

(b)

0.27 L/s (16 L/min) for water heaters or containers with volumetric storage capacity
greater than 400 L up to and including 700 L.

This flow rate shall be maintained during the drawing off of the capacity of the water
heater or container without the water level of the cold water feed tank falling to a point
which allows air to enter either the water heater or container or the hot water system
supply piping.

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AS/NZS 3500.4.2:1997

22

3.13.2.4 Cistern overflow Every cold water cistern shall be fitted with an overflow
complying with the following requirements:
(a)

(b)

(c)

The overflow from the cold water cistern shall be so placed that, with the water in
the cistern at the marked level so that either —
(i)

a further quantity of water, not less than 3% of the hot water capacity of the
heater, can be added before overflow occurs; or

(ii)

there shall be no discharge from the overflow during the initial heating of the
water through a 70°C temperature rise.

The overflow from an internally mounted cistern shall discharge into—
(i)

the safe-tray of the cold water cistern, terminating not less than 20 mm
above the top edge of the safe tray; or

(ii)

into the waste from the safe tray at a point not less than 75 mm below the
floor of the safe tray.

The overflow shall be so constructed that with the float valve discharging at its
maximum flow, with water pressure of 700 kPa and with all service outlets closed,
no spillage shall occur from the cold water cistern.

Licensed to LUU MINH LUAN on 26 Feb 2002. Single user licence only. Storage, distribution or use on network prohibited.

The vertical distance between the static overflow level and the lowest outlet of the
float valve shall be in accordance with AS/NZS 3500.1.2.
(d)

The overflow from an externally mounted cistern shall—
(i)

discharge so as to be readily discernible and not cause a nuisance over
windows, open doors or incur damage to buildings or injury to persons; and

(ii)

be installed in a manner to prevent blockage due to freezing.

3.13.2.5

Position of cistern

Cisterns shall be placed in accordance with the following:

(a)

Mounted on water heater Where the water heater is supplied complete with an
attached cold water cistern, which is connected to the container, the cistern shall not
be removed from that position except with the permission of the water heater
manufacturer.

(b)

Separately mounted Every separately mounted cold water cistern shall be placed so
that the vertical distance from the marked water level of the cistern to the base of
the water heater or container does not exceed a height equivalent to the maximum
pressure rating marked on the water heater or specified by the manufacturer.
NOTE: See also Clause 3.14.5(c).

3.13.3 Safe tray for cold water cistern Every cold water cistern fixed in a roof space
or other concealed space shall be placed on a safe tray complying with Clause 4.4, except
that, where the cistern is mounted on the water heater, a water heater safe tray complying
with Clause 4.4 may be accepted as the safe tray for the cold water cistern.
NOTE: In New Zealand safe trays are only required where leakage could result in damage to
another occupancy in the same building.

3.13.4

Support for separately mounted cisterns

3.13.4.1 Platform Every separately mounted cold water cistern shall be supported on a
platform complying with Clause 4.5.
3.13.4.2 Spacing between cold water cistern and safe tray The cold water cistern shall
be placed in the safe tray on supports in accordance with Clause 4.4.5.

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