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AS 1851.8-1987 MAINTENANCE OF FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT - AUTOMATIC FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEMS

AS 1851.8-1987 MAINTENANCE OF FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT - AUTOMATIC FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEMS

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This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee FP/2, Automatic Fire Detection and
Alarm Systems. It was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of
Australia on 25 May 1987 and published on 6 July 1987.

The following interests are represented on Committee FP/2:
Attorney–General’s Department
Australian Assembly of Fire Authorities
Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association Limited
Australian Uniform Building Regulations Coordinating Council
Board of Fire Commissioners of New South Wales
Building Management Authority, Western Australia
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Building Owners and Managers Association of Australia Limited
Commonwealth Fire Board
Confederation of Australian Industry
Department of Aviation
Department of Housing and Construction
Fire Protection Industry Association of Australia Limited
Insurance Council of Australia Limited
National Building Technology Centre
Telecom Australia

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to
periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important
therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto.
Full details of all Australian Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue
of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine ‘The Australian Standard’, which
subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of
withdrawn Standards.
Suggestions for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head office of Standards Australia, are
welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made without
delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 85346.

AS 1851.8—1987

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Australian StandardR
MAINTENANCE OF FIRE PROTECTION
EQUIPMENT

Part 8— AUTOMATIC FIRE
DETECTION AND ALARM
SYSTEMS

First published as part of AS CA15 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Second edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Third edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fourth edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revised and redesignated as AS 1670 . . . . . . . . . . .
Second edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AS 1670—1983 revised and issued in part
as AS 1851.8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1961
1965
1967
1971
1974
1983
1987

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA
(STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA)
1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 4668 9

PREFACE
This standard was prepared by the Association’s Committee on Automatic Fire Detection and
Alarm Systems to provide suitable requirements for the regular maintenance of fire detection
and alarm systems. Its preparation is concurrent with AS 1603, Automatic Fire Detection
and Alarm Systems, that which is being issued in a number of parts to cover the requirements
for specific items of equipment to be used in an automatic fire detection and alarm system and
installed in accordance with AS 1670, Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm Systems –
System Design, Installation and Commissioning.
The requirements for the regular testing and inspection of automatic fire detection and alarm
systems were previously included in AS 1670–1974, SAA Code for Automatic Fire Alarm
Installations. These requirements were removed from the previous edition of AS 1670 and
have been expanded and detailed for incorporation in this standard.

CONTENTS
Page

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SECTION 1.
1.1
1.2
1.3

SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SECTION 2.
2.1
2.2
2.3

4.1
4.2

4
4
4

MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES

WEEKLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MONTHLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
YEARLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SECTION 4.

3
3
3

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

MAINTENANCE OF INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RECORDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INSPECTION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS . . . . .

SECTION 3.
3.1
3.2
3.3

SCOPE AND GENERAL

5
5
5

MAINTENANCE DOCUMENTATION

GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOGBOOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6
6

APPENDICES
A LOGBOOK REPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B FIRE DETECTOR TESTERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C DETECTOR TEST RECORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7
8
9

E Copyright — STANDARDS AUSTRALIA
Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia publications and software. Except where the Copyright Act allows
and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system in
any form or transmitted by any means without prior permission in writing from Standards Australia. Permission may be conditional on an appropriate
royalty payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards
Australia.
Standards Australia will permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in–house by
purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia.
Standards Australia will also permit the inclusion of its copyright material in computer software programs for no royalty payment provided
such programs are used exclusively in–house by the creators of the programs.
Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or
revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified.
The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is
subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia at any time.

3

AS 1851.8—1987

STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA

Australian Standard
MAINTENANCE OF FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT

PART 8 — AUTOMATIC FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEMS

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SECTION 1. SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE. This standard sets out requirements for
the regular maintenance of automatic fire detection and
alarm systems designed and installed in accordance
with AS 1670.
Regular maintenance includes
inspection and testing procedures.
Although this standard has direct relevance to systems
designed and installed in accordance with AS 1670, the
Standard may be used as a basis for maintenance of
other automatic fire detection and alarm systems.

Attention is drawn to the following related documents:
AS 1603

AS

1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS. The following
standards are referred to in this standard:
AS 1603

Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm
Systems
Part 4 — Control and Indicating
Equipment.

AS 1670

Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm
Systems — System Design, Installation,
and Commissioning.
Fire — Glossary of Terms
Part 2 — Fire Protection and Firefighting
Equipment.

AS 2484

1.3
the
AS

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Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm
Systems
Part 6 — Fire Alarm Bells.
1851
Maintenance of Fire Protection Equipment.
Part 1
Portable Fire Extinguishers.
Part 2
Fire Hose Reels.
Part 3
Automatic Fire Sprinkler
Systems.
Part 4
Fire Hydrant Installations.
Part 5
Automatic Smoke/Heat Venting
Systems.
Part 6
Management Procedures for
Maintaining the Fire Precaution
Features of Air-handling
Systems.
Part 7
Fire-resistant Doorsets.
DEFINITIONS. For the purpose of this standard,
definitions given in AS 1603.4, AS 1670, and
2484.2 apply.

AS 1851.8—1987

4

SECTION 2. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

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2.1 MAINTENANCE OF INSTALLATION. The
fire detection and alarm system shall be inspected,
tested, and maintained in accordance with the relevant
procedures given in this standard.
Regular maintenance is classified into three levels of
procedure which shall be performed as follows:
(a) Weekly, only where —
(i) the connection to the Fire Control Station is
not supervised; or
(ii) the Regulatory Authority deems it necessary.
(b) Monthly on all systems.
(c) Yearly on all systems.
NOTES:
1. Maintenance should be carried out only by persons having
qualifications and experience suitable for the particular work on
which they are engaged. Weekly maintenance procedures may
however be conducted by other persons after adequate
instruction.
2. The manufacturer may have additional requirements beyond that
specified in this standard.
3. The arrangements for maintenance should be such as would
ensure that a person is available on call at all times to provide
service in the event of any fault developing at the installation.

forwarded to the owner or his agent unless the owner or
his agent specifically waives this requirement in
writing.
2.3 INSPECTION, TESTING, AND
MAINTENANCE PRECAUTIONS.
Prior to
commencing any inspection, testing, or maintenance
procedures, the service person shall carry out the
following precautionary procedures as applicable:
(a) Advise the fire control station if testing will
transmit a fire alarm signal.
(b) Set the system in the appropriate test mode and
ensure that ancillary facilities, gas-flooding
systems, and air-handling plant (including smoke
exhaust and stairwell pressurization systems,
evacuation warning systems, and the like) are
isolated to the extent that the testing or
maintenance will not cause inadvertent operation.

2.2 RECORDS. All system attendances, e.g.
inspection, testing, service, and maintenance
procedures, shall be systematically recorded by date
with signed entries in the logbook (see Clause 4.4). In
addition, a copy of all attendance records shall be

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NOTE: The action to be taken when circuit is isolated should be
covered by the maintenance contract. The following actions are
recommended:
(i)
When any part of an installation is to be isolated ensure
there are no obvious safety or fire risks associated with
the section being isolated. Where there is any risk of fire
arising from the isolation of any part of the installation
the fire control station and the owner or his agent should
be notified.
(ii)
When any section of an installation is to be isolated and
left unattended the owner or his agent should be notified.
The owner or his agent should advise the appropriate
authority.

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AS 1851.8—1987

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SECTION 3. MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
3.1 WEEKLY. The weekly maintenance procedure
shall be performed as follows:
(a) Initiate a simulated fire alarm on an alarm zone so
as to transmit an alarm to the fire control station.
Check for proper operation of the associated alarm
visual indicator(s). Ascertain that the alarm was
correctly received at the fire control station.
The above test shall be carried out in a manner
acceptable to the fire control station.
(b) Check for satisfactory operation of the fire alarm
bell or warning device.
(c) Reset installation to normal.
(d) Check the battery condition by operating the battery
test facility for 1 min, and record the ‘battery
condition’ in the logbook.
(e) On completion of (a), (b), (c), and (d) above,
ensure that all switches are in the correct operating
position, and if a faulty condition exists advise the
owner or his agent.
(f) Record the results of all weekly maintenance
procedures in the logbook, including whether the
fire alarm signal from the alarm zone facility was
received at the fire control station (see Clause 4.2).

requiring corrective action, adjustment, and the like
(see Clause 4.2).
(m) Check that items previously recorded as requiring
attention have been attended to, or record the
reason (if known) why corrective actions have not
been completed.
3.3 YEARLY. The yearly maintenance procedure
shall be performed as follows:
NOTE: Prior to yearly maintenance procedures the maintenance
person should give the owner or his agent sufficient notice of
testing to allow time for witnessing to be arranged.

3.2 MONTHLY. The monthly maintenance procedure
shall be performed as follows:
(a) Perform weekly maintenance procedure.
(b) Test each alarm zone facility to confirm its ability
to operate the master alarm facility.
(c) Check all battery terminals and electrolyte levels,
where appropriate. Maintain all batteries in a
serviceable condition.
(d) Check condition of battery enclosure for corrosion
and ensure the batteries are stored in a safe and
secure condition.

(a) Perform weekly and monthly maintenance
procedures.
(b) Visually inspect all detectors and sampling points
for any condition which is likely to adversely affect
their operation, such as excessive deposition of dust
or coating of paint.
(c) Remove at least one detector on each alarm zone
circuit and confirm the fault signal is registered at
the appropriate alarm zone facility.
(d) Check the operation of 20 percent of the installed
heat detectors and 50 percent of the installed smoke
detectors, flame detectors, and sampling points in
each alarm zone using the equipment specified in
Appendix B. The procedure for testing shall be
such that all detectors are checked not less than
once every 5 years for heat detectors, and not less
than once every 2 years for smoke detectors, flame
detectors, and sampling points.
Where a detector has not been tested in situ, upon
reinstallation the detector shall be activated to
cause an alarm at the alarm zone facility.
Detectors and sampling points that fail to operate
shall be clearly marked and reported in the
logbook.

NOTE: Where the control and indicating equipment does not
have a battery test facility, check condition of the storage
batteries by a load test (refer to Clause 2.8.8 of AS 1603.4).

NOTE: Depending on the environment detectors and filters in
sampling systems may require cleaning or replacement at
periodic intervals.

(e) Check that all visual indicators are operating
correctly, including those on mimic or repeater
panels.
(f) Check the operation of all aural and visual
indicators external to the control and indicating
equipment.
(g) Simulate fault conditions on all alarm zones to
ensure that fault indicators, both aural and visual
where applicable, are operating correctly from each
alarm zone facility.
(h) Check that all control and indicating equipment is
in a clean and operational condition, and effectively
dust-sealed.
(j) Ensure that all fire indicator panels, subindicator
panels, repeater panels, and mimic panels are
clearly visible and readily accessible (see
AS 1670).
(k) Ensure that all controls are returned to the normal
condition.
(l) Record the results of all monthly maintenance
procedures in the logbook, including all items

(e) Check the operation of all ancillary control
facilities and ensure that each controlled device can
be correctly initiated.
(f) Check operation of all manual call points.
(g) Check the power supply supervision alarm, if
applicable, by disconnecting all power supplies to
the fire indicator panel, including battery supplies.
(h) Visually inspect control and indicating equipment
components for any evidence of deterioration.
(j) Check for any building alterations, changes in the
environment, or utilization of the protected area
which would require modifications to the system.
(k) Ensure spare glasses for manual call points and a
tool for replacing such glasses are available in the
control panel.
(l) Record the results of all yearly maintenance
procedures in the logbooks, including details of
detectors and sampling points that do not pass the
visual inspection or fail to operate satisfactorily,
and notify the owner or his agent of any
deficiencies within the installation.

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